AMPKα Antibody - CD BioSciences


AMPKα Antibody

AMPKα Antibody


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Target Information
Target Name AMPK
Gene Abbr. PRKAA1
Gene ID 5562
Full Name protein kinase AMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha 1
Alias AMPK, AMPKa1
Introduction AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is highly conserved from yeast to plants and animals and plays a key role in the regulation of energy homeostasis. AMPK is a heterotrimeric complex composed of a catalytic α subunit and regulatory β and γ subunits, each of which is encoded by two or three distinct genes (α1, 2; β1, 2; γ1, 2, 3). The kinase is activated by an elevated AMP/ATP ratio due to cellular and environmental stress, such as heat shock, hypoxia, and ischemia. The tumor suppressor LKB1, in association with accessory proteins STRAD and MO25, phosphorylates AMPKα at Thr172 in the activation loop, and this phosphorylation is required for AMPK activation. AMPKα is also phosphorylated at Thr258 and Ser485 (for α1; Ser491 for α2). The upstream kinase and the biological significance of these phosphorylation events have yet to be elucidated. The β1 subunit is post-translationally modified by myristoylation and multi-site phosphorylation including Ser24/25, Ser96, Ser101, Ser108, and Ser182. Phosphorylation at Ser108 of the β1 subunit seems to be required for the activation of AMPK enzyme, while phosphorylation at Ser24/25 and Ser182 affects AMPK localization. Several mutations in AMPKγ subunits have been identified, most of which are located in the putative AMP/ATP binding sites (CBS or Bateman domains). Mutations at these sites lead to reduction of AMPK activity and cause glycogen accumulation in heart or skeletal muscle. Accumulating evidence indicates that AMPK not only regulates the metabolism of fatty acids and glycogen, but also modulates protein synthesis and cell growth through EF2 and TSC2/mTOR pathways, as well as blood flow via eNOS/nNOS.
Product Details
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Clone No. N/A
Immunogen Synthetic peptide corresponding to the amino-terminal sequence of human AMPKα.
Source/Purification Antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the amino-terminal sequence of human AMPKα. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Application WB, IP
Dilutions Western Blot (1:1000); Immunoprecipitation (1:100)
MW(KDa) 62
Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat, Hamster, Monkey
Sensitivity Endogenous
Specificity It detects endogenous levels of AMPKα protein. The antibody detects both the α1 and α2 isoforms of the catalytic subunit, but it does not detect the regulatory β or γ subunits.
Storage & Handling
Storage Buffer Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/mL BSA and 50% glycerol.
Preservative No Preservative
Storage Temp. Store at -20 °C.
Handling Do not aliquot the antibody.

For research use only. Not intended for any clinical use. No products from CD BioSciences may be resold, modified for resale or used to manufacture commercial products without prior written approval from CD BioSciences.